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what is the purpose of juvenile court quizlet

Prosecutors filed fitness papers to try Shawn in adult criminal court rather than in the juvenile system. TEEN COURT … You may also bring a lawyer, but the presence of your parent/guardian is still required. At least 10 states use a combination of statutory exclusion and judicially controlled transfer. Purpose of the Juvenile Justice System. Less than one-third of the states (including Texas) use this method. The juvenile court system was established in the United States a little more than a century ago, with the first court appearing in Illinois in 1899. With the advent of more punitive sentencing policies in recent years, the PSI has become more offense focused and less individualized. juvenile court was established in Chicago, Illinois, in 1899; yet a century later there is still con- siderable debate over the goals and the legal procedures for dealing with juvenile offenders. When Cases Go to Juvenile Court. The Juvenile Department provides probation, court, detention and adoption services. The role of the juvenile court judge includes Prior to that time, children and youth were seen as "miniature adults" and thus tried and punished as adults. A diversion program in the criminal justice system is a form of sentence in which the criminal offender joins a rehabilitation program, which will help remedy the behavior leading to the original arrest, allow the offender to avoid conviction and, in some jurisdictions, hide a criminal record.The programs are often run by a police department, court, a district attorney's office, or outside agency. Federal Standards. This also is known as waiving the exclusive jurisdiction of the juvenile court to hear cases involving juvenile offenders. sentencing judges since the 1920s. The law enforcement officer is required to immediately notify the child's parents, guardians, or custodians. Since the establishment of the first juvenile court in Cook County, Illinois in 1899, states have recognized that children who commit crimes are different from adults; as a class, they are less blameworthy, and they have a greater capacity for change. Juveniles can be transferred into adult court if the juvenile court waives or relinquishes its jurisdiction. This role play is designed to help you evaluate teen court and decide if one should be set up in your community. Analogous to the sen­ tence in a criminal case. Flowchart of the Juvenile Court Process This flowchart is a general explanation of the various stages of a the juvenile court process, beginning from arrest and continuing until expungement. Its original purpose was to provide information to the court on the defendant’s personal history and criminal conduct in order to promote individualized sentencing. The Pierce County Juvenile Court has exclusive jurisdiction over those juveniles within Pierce County who violate the criminal laws of this state or who are in need of protection and/or advocacy as a result of abuse, neglect or abandonment. The Court held that juveniles had the right to a hearing on the issue of transfer to adult court, that there must be the right to meaningful counsel, that counsel must be given access to the social records considered by the juvenile court, and that the juvenile court must provide a statement of its reasons for transfer with any waiver order. Juvenile delinquency is the participation by a minor child, usually between the ages of 10 and 17, in illegal behavior or activities. I have 10+ years experience as a forensic social worker, meaning my clients all have criminal justice system involvement. DIVERSION: Procedures for handling relatively minor juvenile problems informally, without referral to the juvenile court. Facts. Juvenile Court Terminology. 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