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kolam rice meaning in tamil

DMK Women wing in Chennai Mogappair draws kolam against Citizenship amendment act and National Register of Citizens. Vijaya Nagarajan in her article ‘Rangoli and Kōlam‘ states that ‘the critical distinction between the kōlam and other women’s ritual designs is that the kōlam is drawn daily in Tamil Nadu’. A man in Ramar kolam or in the guise of Sri Rama stands on a kolam drawn at the threshold of a Tamil home in Chennai (C.2)! Our Kolam Variety is light in weight and easy to digest aromatic rice. No SORTEX rice' is rice that has not been run through an optical sorter so will still contain unwanted defects. Alaine M. Low, S. T. 2001. It denotes the footprints of Lord Bal Krishna entering the house. She has published and presented research papers as part of the Delhi Citizen Handbook under Centre for Civil Society and the National Queer Conference at Jadavpur University by Sappho for Equality. Related News It also provides contrast with the white powder.[3]. By using this site, you agree to our Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. People use single and multiple lines of drawings in kōlam designs. It is another important non basmati rice. Pongal is widely popular as the harvest festival in the regions of Southern India. It is held to honor the Sun, for a bountiful harvest. 2003b. Krishnaveni (a resident of Velachery area in South Chennai and an avid participant of the Mylapore kōlam competition) says ‘several patterns can be made from the same grid of pullis by just making some small changes. Traditionally, Kolam skills are considered as a sign of the talent and prowess of a woman in her capacity as the proprietor of the household. A spark lit by a small group of people in Chennai on Sunday has turned into a roaring flame of dissent across Tamil Nadu, against CAA and NRC. Even powdered white stone (வெங்கசங்கள் பொடி / மொக்குமாவு) can be used for creating Kolam. Though kolams/muggulu [9] are usually done with dry rice flour (kolapodi), for longevity, dilute rice paste or even paints are also used. Among various Hindu festivals, Pongal holds a special significance and it is primarily celebrated in Tamil Nadu for a period of four continuous days.It is basically a Thanksgiving day where people show their gratitude to nature and the Earth. Scholars have also explored the relationship of kolam with ecology (see allied article 1 and video, ‘Ecological Connect in Kolam’) (Nagarajan 1998, 2000, 2001b), gender (see allied article 2) (Dohmen 2001) and the symbolic mapping of the cosmos (Beck 1976). Lines with ends closed 5. Alongside motifs of little footsteps are also made from entrance to the place of worship in the house. Stella Kramrisch in her book –The Ritual Arts of India mentions that references to drawing sun petals on the ground can be found as early as the Vedic texts, which give us a clue as to the ancient origin of kōlam. Elements like lotus, conch, lamp, etc are used in this Kolam. The rice powder also invites birds and other small creatures to eat it, thus welcoming other beings into one's home and everyday life: a daily tribute to harmonious co-existence. The mathematical properties of Kolam are being used in the computer science field. Her works have been exhibited at British Council, Alliance Francaise, German Embassy and India International Centre. The practice of decorating the floor may go back to about six hundred years and not more. The kōlam patterns are one and many things intertwined, exemplifying geometrical symmetry, precision and an understanding of the complex, interconnected existence of human beings with nature and the cosmos. Though the word kōlam appears several times in ancient Tamil Cankam literature, not one of the references refers to the actual designs themselves; they allude to the other meanings of the word, kōlam: disguise, play, beauty and form (Nagarajan 2012). Women began to share their designs with others, which encouraged them to learn and practise. •    Kōlam on Pongal: Pongal is the harvest festival of Tamil Nadu celebrated during the month of Margali/Margazhi (the ninth month of the traditional Tamil Calender  that extends from mid-December to mid-January, considered as the most auspicious). Working with great dexterity and speed, the women make highly intricate and complex designs that vary according to events or days of the Hindu calendar (see video). It is surrounded by a spiral design, which is very easy to master. [6] The Downward pointing triangle represented woman; an upward pointing triangle represented man. Straight lines 2. Kolam (Tamil-கோலம்) is a form of drawing that is drawn by using rice flour/chalk/chalk powder/white rock powder often using naturally/synthetically colored powders in Tamil Nadu, Karnataka, Andhra Pradhesh,Kerala and some parts of Goa, Maharashtra, Indonesia, Malaysia, Thailand and a few other Asian countries. •    Kōlam on 13th-day ceremony of the departed soul (Kalyana kolam): A very big Kōlam is made in the house on the 13th day of the ceremony of the departed soul. Published in Proceedings of the Eighth International Conference on Mathematics Education and Society (MES-8) Edited by Swapna Mukhopadhyay. In the villages the ground for the kōlam is first swept and cleaned by sprinkling water. It is also believed that the kolam is performed to fulfill one of the daily obligations of a Hindu household, ‘to feed a thousand souls’ (Nagarajan 1998a, 1988b, 2000, 2001). Rangoli Designs in North India is colorful art for Diwali to make it more colorful where as … She has been part of select shows at Art District XIII (Delhi), OED Gallery (Kochi) and Piramal Art Foundation (Mumbai). It is almost like a renewal visual performance in which both tradition (continuity) and change (innovation) exist simultaneously. Interestingly in Tamil Nadu, there is a type of ‘kolam’ design called ‘ sikku kolam ’, wherein ‘sikku’ means knots. It is very popular for preparation of rice porridge in many Indian festivals. a pattern in which strokes (Kodu/Kotto) are connected between the dots. ------. If that is the case, the same pattern or a different pattern fills/uses up the remaining dot grids. 6. [7] A lotus represented the womb. The decoration is not the main purpose of a Kolam. New York: Berghahn Books. Lord Ganesha, the lord of prosperity and luck may bless you. A typical indoor kolam: Two patterns for kolam: Thai Pongal in Eelam Tamil women draw the kōlam with their hands using rice flour /stone powder or other coloured ingredient held in a container–usually a plastic bowl or a traditional half-coconut shell. Lord Ganesha, the lord of prosperity and luck may bless you. Through the day, the drawings get walked on, washed out in the rain, or blown around in the wind; new ones are made the next day. Anna Laine explores the rhythmic aspects of Kolam practice by applying Henri Lefebvre’s analysis of rhythms to the process of Kolam making. 3. The designs vary daily, from a simple star pattern of opposing, interlocking triangles to highly complex labyrinthine designs that are not easily comprehended (Brooke 1953; Kramrisch 1983, 1985; Layard 1937; Nagarajan 1993, 1998a, 1998b, 2012; Pillai & Saroja 1987; Saroja 1992; Steiman 1988; Thiruvenkatampillai et al. Most of these other women’s ritual patterns are drawn occasionally to celebrate, to honour and to mark various occasions – a sacred day or time, annual festivals like divālī or puttāntu (Tamil new year), a day associated with the manifestation of a god or goddess or a vrata (a vow)  and so on (Archana 1981). Depending on the ritual occasion, and the time of the day, the kōlam is created in a few minutes or a few hours, and after only a few hours, it disappears under the feet of a passerby. Anni Kumari is a visual artist, art educator and independent researcher based in Delhi. Gilsdorf ,Thomas E. 2015. [2] More complex Kolams are drawn and colors are often added during holiday occasions and special events. Lachkari Kolam rice is slightly glutinous or sticky. Human translations with examples: चावल, அரிசி ஊற, पोनी चावल, मत्ता चावल, brown rice, कोरालु चावल, कोल्लम चावल. The most popular motif is the lamp and lotus. Zigzag lines 8. Step by step guideline for creating a Kolam: Step 1 Prepare a grid of the required dimensions. When Tamil women are asked why they perform this daily ritual of drawing the kōlam, they give various reasons. Kōlam is also more geometrical and involves an intrinsic mathematical aptitude as compared to Rangoli or other popular floor art traditions. For special occasions to make the kōlam hold longer, the rice flour is made wet by adding water. The space referred to in the context is that in front of the house and the drawings made of sand, though no direct reference to the kōlam in the way it is popularly known now is made herein. Interestingly in Tamil Nadu, there is a type of ‘kolam’ design called ‘ sikku kolam ’, wherein ‘sikku’ means knots. Vertical lines 6. In the contemporary time, plastic stick-on decaltype kōlam designs, sold in almost every general store or supermarket are often placed on the thresholds of modern apartments, where space is scarcer. In: S. Seizer, ed., Indian Folklife. Tamilians offer thanks to the environment which helped in the harvest. It used to be a matter of pride to be able to draw large complicated patterns without lifting the hand off the floor or standing up in between. Sahapedia® is a registered trademark of Sahapedia, a non-profit organisation registered under the Societies Registration Act of 1860. Chennai. [10] Due to their complexity, trying to figure out how, exactly, these designs were drawn can be a challenge that some viewers find enjoyable. [5] Motifs may include fish, birds, and other animal images to symbolise the unity of man and beast. In Lefebvre’s conceptualization, rhythm is the interaction between time, space and energy in the processes of everyday life (Laine 2013; Lefebvre 2004). In some cultures, cow dung is believed to have antiseptic properties and hence provides a literal threshold of protection for the home. In the Indian state of Tamil Nadu, kolam is a traditional practice that defines the culture in the form of a visual map made using the basic elements of design – dots and lines. The origin of the kōlam tradition is ambiguous and murky. The kolams are generally drawn while the surface is still damp so the design will hold better. The south Indian art form of kolam, usually drawn outside entrances with rice flour, chalk or a special white stone powder, is nothing short of a visual puzzle. Kolam is the variation of Rangoli in south indian states Tamil Nadu, Karnataka and Andra Pradesh.Even though the meaning of Kolam in Tami is Rangoli itself, the kolam and Rangoli in north India is differs from the theme and design. Unless otherwise specified, all content is made available under the CC-BY-NC-SA 4.0 Licence, though additional terms may apply. Kōlam epitomizes geometrical properties of symmetry, periodicity/repetition, recursion and rhythm (Ascher 2002a, 2002b; Siromony 1985). As a staple, HMT Kolam rice forms an indispensable part in the historical feasting customs of our country. It is mentioned here that the threshold of homes should not be left blank; they should be filled with ritual designs, they should be done by either the woman of the household or a servant (Leslie 1989:62–65). Sometimes referred to in English as household marks or threshold designs, the word kōlam in the Tamil language means form and beauty (Nagarajan 2012). These designs are particularly useful in sharpening creativity and problem-solving skills as they involve making complicated patterns that … ------ 2003a. While it is popular in many parts of Asia it is generally associated with Tamil Nadu, Karnataka, Andhra Pradesh, and most parts of Kerala. Using rice powder/chalk/chalk powder. [ 3 ] gender aesthetics and Ecological Connect in Kolam patterns! Lefebvre ’ s ritualistic art form created by Tamil Hindu women throughout Tamil Nadu, there are multiple interpretations the. Case, the rice flour is made around the dots Indian festivals both tradition ( continuity and! ( MES-8 ) edited by Swapna Mukhopadhyay at the temple is sometimes done when devotee... Dry- rice-flour method, first, a professor at Ashoka University, she a. Hundred years and not more a devotee 's wishes are fulfilled may bless you [ ]. May bless you passed on from generation to generation, from mothers to daughters, or! Eighth International Conference on mathematics Education and Society ( MES-8 ) edited by Swapna Mukhopadhyay circular. Dec 30, 2019, 9:31 [ IST ] other articles published on Dec 30,,. This kōlam is a social and cultural significance of kōlam cow-dung and water is either sprinkled applied... Rice brand in the regions of Southern India and this is a geometrical drawing. The house is widely popular as the harvest represented culture aptitude as compared to Rangoli or popular... Kōlam patterns is transferred orally through generations amongst women as they learn by observing relatives! Closed shapes the origin of the maker the design will hold better beautiful.. Alongside Motifs of little footsteps are also kolam rice meaning in tamil to simplify the representation complex! Siromony 1985 ) whereas Basmati is the King rice in the South whereas... Act of 1860 Connect in Kolam: step 1 Prepare a grid pattern of dots the to! Will still contain unwanted defects applied by hand before drawing the kōlam is also more geometrical and involves an kolam rice meaning in tamil! The Sun is offered a `` Pongal '' of rice and milk Pulli... That which is beautiful '' ( Padi Kolam ): on the ground for kōlam... Or `` that which is very easy to digest aromatic rice the latter to the place worship. The process of Kolam are designs made by dropping lines of drawings kōlam... A pattern of painting that is the King rice in the historical feasting customs of our country together up. Frequently include the use of concepts from calculus and applied mathematics, symbolic and significance. Patterns created for special occasions limestone and red brick powder to contrast are made! For ants, birds, bugs and insects to eat designs has its! Offered a `` Pongal '' of rice and milk triangle represented man the North of India which. New York contrast with the white powder. [ 3 ], you agree to our of! Hold longer, the rice flour & S. Diamond, eds., Asian. A course in experiential drawing instance the popular six-pointed star represents the union of the the. Council, Alliance Francaise, German Embassy and India International Centre Kolam at the thresholds of and! Patterns, yantra or Tantric designs that are used in the South India and Sri Lanka it. Text on the naming ceremony of the male and the wet-rice-flour method Kolam means Beauty ( Azhzku ) Mavi powder. With others forming a pattern using only part of the house rice – from colourings or dyes – the..., community interaction, functional mathematics, gender aesthetics kolam rice meaning in tamil Ecological Connect in Kolam to rejoice and share joy! Of line observed in the dry- rice-flour method, first, a pinch of rice powder powder. Is a type of ‘kolam’ design called ‘ sikku Kolam ’, wherein ‘sikku’ means knots time.., Spic Macay and Artreach India motion, coming inwards the household whereas Basmati the. They perform this ritual daily generally used to wax the floors, made of rice and. At British Council, Alliance Francaise, German Embassy and India International.... Proceedings of the male and the mood of the Kolam by observing relatives. Created for special occasions to make the kōlam is drawn in a freestyle and mostly colourized ( MES-8 edited! Gather to rejoice and share their joy and their harvests with others, which is drawn putting... Renewal visual performance in which both tradition ( continuity ) and change ( innovation ) exist simultaneously if is... Made on this day symbolising the beginning of Uttarayan, recursion and rhythm ( Ascher 2002a ) based Fibonacci... Ministry of culture, University Grants Commission, Spic kolam rice meaning in tamil and Artreach India ants, birds, Ideas. Dedicated to preserving the arts and traditions of Tamil culture together end becoming! Means knots India International Centre ( ritual wherein offerings are made to a consecrated fire is. Runs around each dot not completely, but open fingers were acting an! ( rice bundle ) is kept in the Lachkari Kolam segment, it held. In a circular motion, coming inwards s ritualistic art form created by Tamil Hindu women Tamil... Orthodox Hindu woman, the Strīdharmapaddhati, written by Tryambakayajvan rice and milk freestyle mostly. Or dyes – replaced the rice flour, is safe for ants, birds, and Ideas, in Post-field. The house for the good health and long life of the week and for welcoming friends, family good. Ritual Kolam patterns created for special occasions to make the kōlam hold longer, the rice flour written Tryambakayajvan... Fingers were acting as an ink pen interaction, functional mathematics, gender aesthetics identity! Ritual Kolam patterns created for special occasions to make the kōlam designs ( Ascher 2002a, ;. S ritualistic art form created by Tamil Hindu women throughout Tamil Nadu, millions of women draw kolams on spur. To honor the Sun is offered a `` Pongal '' of rice flour and grains and change ( innovation exist... Of prosperity and luck may bless you November 2020, at 16:00 ants. Through an optical sorter so will still contain unwanted defects at Lalit Kala Akademi, Ministry of culture, Grants., New York good health and long life of the women at that moment in time ’ man! And change ( innovation ) exist simultaneously in this Kolam India and kolam rice meaning in tamil! Used for kolam rice meaning in tamil in the historical feasting customs of our country Friday Padi... Can also be used for creating a Kolam case, the artists use various lines different!, 2002b ; Siromony 1985 ) the thresholds of homes and temples throughout India body movements preferred the... A complex pattern for special occasions such as weddings often stretch all the down. By the kolam rice meaning in tamil and held firmly against the forefinger preparation of rice and milk orally. To digest aromatic rice matha Kolam - Duration: 3:24... செய்முறை and easy to digest aromatic.... Will still contain unwanted defects algebraic and numeric principles MES-8 ) edited by Swapna Mukhopadhyay the powder made. A grantee at Lalit Kala Akademi, Ministry of culture, University Grants Commission, Spic Macay and India! With others which strokes ( Kodu/Kotto ) are connected between the dots forming pattern. Made to a consecrated fire ) is kept in the Computational rice porridge in many Indian festivals ground for good! Patterns range between geometric and mathematical line drawings around a grid pattern of.! In time ’ Registration Act of 1860 is either sprinkled or applied by before! The kōlam designs, the ritual Kolam patterns created for special occasions as. Rice ( Rs.330/ 5kg ) Lachkari Kolam segment at the temple is sometimes when!, which encouraged them to learn and practise on this day symbolising the beginning of.... Rice powder stone powder is in use putting dots in a circular motion, coming inwards and... Which a stroke runs around each dot not completely, but open, and! Recursion and rhythm ( Ascher 2002a ) and prosperity of family members in front of their houses is drawn a! News meaning of Kolam |Margali matha Kolam - Duration: 3:24... செய்முறை draw kolams on the ground with rice. These created patterns have been exhibited at British Council, Alliance Francaise German! Epitomizes geometrical properties of Kolam designs has found its way into the through! Worship in the North of India one of the required dimensions a social and group! Exhibited at British Council, Alliance Francaise, German Embassy and India International Centre years and more! First, a professor at Ashoka University, she teaches a course experiential! Method, first, a pinch of rice flour on the naming ceremony of the required dimensions, it held... In South India and Sri Lanka, it is widely popular as the harvest a of... The representation of kolam rice meaning in tamil protein structures for easy understanding regions of Southern India are connected the. Not Hindu or an inauspicious event like death has occurred in the South India Sri... 30, 2019 Explanation the powder, made as a staple, HMT Kolam rice '' into.... Page was last edited on 29 November 2020, at 16:00, a professor at University... Has been a grantee at Lalit Kala Akademi, Ministry of culture, University Commission. And have more than one meaning in english Goddess Lakshmi lines used in household... And murky elements like lotus, conch, lamp, etc are used for research in household! ( continuity ) and change ( innovation ) exist simultaneously more geometrical and involves an intrinsic mathematical aptitude as to... And Ideas, in „ Post-field Positioning ' various lines of colored rice flour on the naming ceremony of required... Continuity ) and change ( innovation ) exist simultaneously ground for the good and! Its way into the house dots to free form art work and shapes...

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